DemDaily: What Happens to the Dropout Delegates?
March 12, 2020
While the race for delegates has narrowed to a two-person race between Joe Biden and Bernies Sanders, many are asking: what happens to the pledged delegates already allocated to those who have dropped out of the race?
In short, depending on whether they were won at the statewide or congressional district level, some of those delegates will be redistributed to the candidates still in the race, while others are freed to vote for the candidate of their choosing at the Democratic National Convention this summer.
There are 4,750 delegates who will attend the Democratic National Convention July 13-16, 2020 in Milwaukee, Wisconsin. Of those, 3979 Pledged Delegates will cast their votes for the Democratic nominee. It will take a simple majority of 1,991 pledged delegates to win the nomination.
There are two types of convention delegates: Pledged and Automatic.
Automatic Delegates, who account for roughly 16% of the national convention delegates, are elected as Democratic National Committee (DNC) members, or allocated based on public or party office. They participate in all official convention business, but do not have a vote on the first ballot in the nominating process.
Pledged Delegates are those secured through the primary process and who vote on the first ballot for the nominee. They fall into three categories:
* Statewide/At Large (898): Nominated and elected at the state level, they are allocated based on the statewide percentage presidential candidates receive in the primary or caucus.
* District Level (2591): In primary states, which are the majority, they are distributed and elected at the congressional district level. In caucus states, they are elected in tiers, from precinct or county to congressional districts.* PLEO (490): Pledged Party Leaders & Elected Officials, including big city mayors and statewide elected officials, state legislative leaders, state legislators and other state, county and local elected officials and party leaders.
Allocation of Delegates
From the designated state number, pledged delegates are allocated proportionally to presidential candidates based on the percentage of the vote they win in a state primary or caucus. The primaries occur in fifty states, five territories, D.C. and Democrats Abroad between February 3rd and June 6th.
There are two ways for a candidate to win delegates: by reaching the 15% threshold at the statewide level, or achieving 15% of the vote at the congressional district level.
Statewide: Pledged delegates will be reallocated to candidates still in the race when the state parties hold their respective conventions to elect the actual individuals who will serve as delegates to the national convention. Those happen after a primary and before the national convention. At this point, that means either Biden or Sanders would pick up delegates.
District Level: Congressional district delegates, however, are not reallocated to current contenders, but in most states become "free agents" to vote at the convention for the candidate of their choosing.
Because candidates who have dropped out have not technically closed their campaigns, but have "suspended" them, some states require a former candidate, say, Pete Buttigieg, to officially "release" his delegates before they become free agents.
Buttigieg also cannot award his delegates to a current contender, but may certainly attempt to influence their decision through his endorsement of a candidate -- which in this case is Biden.
If the race to reach the 1,991 delegates needed to secure the nomination stays close between Biden and Sanders, the district-level delegates originally pledged to former White House hopefuls could play a decisive role.
DemList will keep you informed.
Related: DemDaily: The Delegate Process Explained 2/27/20
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Sources: DNC, Washington Post, Vox, Fox